Obesity may be understood in terms of an accumulation of bodily fat often exceeding up to 20 percent of what is regarded as a normal weight. This condition affects a large number of individuals globally and is associated with a wide range of health risks. It is important for obese individuals to understand these risks and the ways in which excess weight may be effectively managed.
Body mass index or BMI measures the health of individuals in terms of weight in proportion to height. A BMI of between 25 to 29 is considered overweight whereas a BMI of 30 falls into the obese category. Morbidly obese individuals are often in excess of 50 to 100 percent of what is considered their normal mass and often possess a body mass index of 40 or higher.
An accumulation of fatty tissue around essential organs places increased stress on its function and poses a serious health risk. Excess consumption of calories in relation to what is being burned through activity or exercise will result in an accumulation of fatty tissue. It is important to consider some of the factors which may play a significant role in developing this condition.
Genetics may contribute to a predisposition should lifestyle and weight not be effectively managed. With an increase in age there is also a decline in metabolic process. Psychological factors, medication as well as illness can all contribute to the development of an obese state.
The environment one is exposed to in terms of lifestyle is one of the single leading causes for the development of obesity. Regardless of factors such as age, genetics and gender, if you lead a considerably unhealthy lifestyle that does not include physical activity and increased consumption of processed foods will result in the development of excess fatty tissue. Physical activity is of utmost importance in the prevention of excess fatty tissue as one is able to burn the ingested calories and prevent additional fat storage.
Obese individuals are more likely to develop conditions such as heart disease, gall stones, sleep apnea and are at risk for heart attacks, diabetes and strokes. Excessive weight will also place tremendous pressure on all of the bodily joints which means the development of chronic illness such as osteoarthritis. The larger your size when compared to ideal weight for height, will result in increased risk for disease.
A healthy lifestyle is key to effectively managing obesity. Engage in weight loss programs, be sure to cut out processed foods and incorporate fresh foods and whole grains gradually along with exercise. Consult with your practitioner in order to eliminate diseases as cause for excess weight gain and explore support groups that will assist in achieving dietary goals.